Extension cords are efficient devices that ensure your electrical gadgets are connected to power even in areas lacking permanent electrical outlets.
A high level of safety standards needs to be put in place while using extension cords to prevent the occurrence of mishaps such as fire outbreaks and the risk of electrocution.
Adherence to safety mechanisms is crucial to ensure you, the people around you, and the environment are protected from any adversity. Always inspect for tight seals on the plugs as you don’t want any short circuits sparking fires. And go big or go home, get one long enough that you’re not rearranging it constantly. It’ll save you so much hassle in the long run.
A checklist of necessary steps that ought to be taken to ensure safety while using extension cords at home is discussed below.
1. Inspecting Extension Cord
First, carefully inspect the condition of your extension cord when starting to use it. Check the entire cord for any signs of damage, for example, cuts, nicks, exposed wiring, or frayed areas.
Examine and replace the plug and all three prongs in case any part of the plug is cracked, broken or loose. Ensure the outer jacket or insulation of the cord is not torn or cracked to prevent the risk of electrocution.
Cords displaying defects must be discarded and replaced with a new cord certified for indoor use. Ensure the amperage rating of extension cords is also matched to the rating of the devices being powered. If you are not an electrician, never attempt to repair damaged extension cords because this could compromise safety.
2. Proper Positioning and Placement
Extension cords should be placed appropriately to minimize the chances of fire risk and other unintended accidents. Laying of the cords should be conducted precisely; they should run on the ground, ensuring they are flat enough. The extension cords should not be allowed to run through furniture and under rugs because of the risk of heat buildup, which will cause the wires to melt away.
The cord should also not be placed across doors and corridors because you can easily topple over it and fall, causing injuries that could be avoided. Attachment of cord to the walls, ceilings, or baseboards with nails, staples, or tape should be avoided at all costs because this can damage internal wiring over time.
Also, avoid unnecessary coiling or crimping of cords as this may ruin insulation, causing wires to overheat and melt. Extension cords designed for outdoor use must only be used with outdoor-rated devices, and they must be ensured they are not exposed to weather when out of use.
3. Avoiding Overloads and Splices
Running several high-voltage devices from a single extension cord should be avoided, as this can cause overheating and damage to the cord. High-wattage appliances, for example, space heaters that require more than 1500 watts, should be plugged directly into wall sockets and not into an extension cord.
Splicing is when two or more extension cords are merged to reach a desired destination. Splicing should be avoided because it disrupts the integrity and grounding of the extension cord, making it susceptible to melting away and causing fires.
4. Safety around Children and Animals
Prevent interaction of children and pets with extension cords when in use to eliminate the risk of shock and strangulation. Always unplug cords by the plug end, not the cord, when finished. Cords not in use should be coiled up, stored safely out of reach, and have end covers installed on unused outlets.
Though convenient, extension cords are only temporary wiring solutions, and permanent outlets should be installed wherever multiple devices require power daily. Always follow these safety tips to help you make extension cords much safer.
5. Continued Safe Practices
Day-to-day use of extension cords should always go in hand with ongoing safety maintenance and regular inspection for any signs of wearing out. Damaged extension cords should be repaired immediately, and those destroyed beyond repair must be discarded safely.
Cords should not be allowed to surface through sharp objects, and avoid getting them crushed under heavy objects such as furniture, which can potentially destroy the insulator coating, exposing the wires over time. When you know you will be away for quite some time, always disconnect the outdoor extension cords.
Periodic replacement of indoor extension cords that show signs of wear out at the plug and outlet points is essential. Handling extension cords cautiously leads to safety and uncertainties, such as shock risks and fire outbreaks, being greatly minimized.
From the discussion above, it is worth noting that adhering to positioning guidelines, avoiding overloading, and continuous maintenance of safe practices are habits observed while using extension cords to prevent hazards from occurring.
The use of extension cords is a temporary act that should not be a replacement for permanent household wiring and installation systems, which provide a better long-term power supply and ensure safety.